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Keno Glossary

 

Aggregate Limit - Total payout liability of a casino during any one game. 

All or Nothing - A keno ticket that only pays if all picked numbers are drawn, or no picked numbers are drawn.

Ball Game - A keno game that uses plastic balls to represent the numbers.  This is the most common type of keno game today.

Balls - Keno balls.  Similar to bingo balls or ping pong balls.  Numbered 1-80.

Bank - The casino's money available for keno operations.

Bankroll - A common term used by gamblers to describe the amount of money they are prepared to wager, and possibly loose.

Bet - The amount of money subject to loss in any one game by a player.

Bingo - The original name for keno.  Although keno and bingo are very different today, both use similar balls to represent numbers drawn.

Blank - A keno ticket that has not been used.

Blower - Part of the machine used to dispense keno balls.  The blower uses air to force the balls into a tube where they can be viewed and/or removed by the keno operator.

Bowl - The part of the ball machine that holds the balls when the blower is not on.

Buy-In Tournament - A keno tournament where players pay a set fee up front, and play a predetermined number of games and/or tickets.  Players get to keep any winnings.

Cage - An old type of wire cage that held keno balls.  Most cages have been replaced by plastic hoppers.  Also used to refer to the employees-only area where keno workers operate.

Call - The actual act of calling the keno numbers, usually over an intercom.  Performed by an casino employee.

Caller - The casino employee who calls out the numbers during the keno game.

Catch - A number marked on a ticket is said to be a catch when it is called during the keno game.

Catch-All - A keno game that requires you to catch all of the numbers you have marked on your ticket.

Catch-Zero - A keno game that requires you to catch none of the numbers you have marked on your ticket.

Close - The time when no keno tickets will be written by the casino.  Normally just before the draw until just after the draw.

Combination Ticket - A single ticket with several different keno wagers on it.

Computer Ticket - A keno ticket generated by a computer.

Conditioning - The "terms" of the wager.  Normally written on the ticket.  Generally refers to wagers other than straight ticket plays.

Crayon - Used by a keno player to mark numbers on a ticket.  Similar to a child's crayon, but usually black.

Deuce - Two keno spots grouped together.

Draw - The 20 numbers drawn for each keno game are collectively called "the draw".

Draw Sheet - A sheet available from the keno counter which shows the numbers drawn from the previous game.  Has holes punched in it to facilitate checking your tickets.

Edge Ticket - A ticket with the 32 numbers marked that make up the outer edge of the ticket.

Enhanced Payoff - A greater payoff received by playing a combination of games on a single ticket.  Pays more than would have been received if the games had been played on individual tickets.

Entry Fee Tournament - Players pay a fee up front an compete with each other for cash or prizes.  Players do not keep winnings from individual games in the tournament.

Exacta - A ticket played for two games, with a special payoff rate.

Expected Value - The rate at which an outcome is expected to occur.

Field - A group of marked spots that is not circled.

Flashboard - The electronic signs that display the numbers drawn for a keno draw.  Most are now LED, but older boards using light bulbs are still around.

Fractional Rate Ticket - A ticket played for some fraction of the normal rate.  Normally only used on a way ticket.

Free Play - A keno win that pays no money, but lets you play your bet again.

Goose - A term used for the machine that blows the keno balls up into two long tubes.

Group - Spots that are circled or separated from the other spots marked on a keno ticket.

Handle - The total of all money taken in for a game, shift, day or some other period of time.

High End Ticket - A keno ticket that pays more for catching a high number of spots, but less (or nothing) for catching fewer spots (as compared to a regular ticket).

High Roller Ticket - A ticket that has a high minimum ticket price.

Hit - When a drawn number matches the spot on your ticket.

Hold - Handle minus payoffs, or the gross receipts after paying out all winning tickets.

House - The casino.

House Edge -  Also known as PC (percent casino). The percent of all wagers the house can expect to win, over a period of time.  Can vary widely, but normally is about 30%.

House Percentage - Also known as PC (percent to casino).  The percent of all wagers the house can expect to win, over a period of time.  Can vary widely, but normally is about 30%.

Inside Ticket - A keno ticket that is completed and turned in to the casino.

Jackpot - The prize paid in a progressive.  Technically, the jackpot is the amount above the regular payoff for the game.  For instance, if the progressive payoff is $25,453 but the regular payoff is $10,000, the jackpot is $15,453.  However the term is regularly misused to indicate the total payoff amount.

Jackpot Meter - An electronic display of some type that displays the current jackpot mount.

Keno - The modern version of an old Chinese lottery.  Twenty number out of eighty are drawn, and players win by guessing which numbers will be drawn.  Keno is a lottery; state lotteries are variations of keno.

Keno Board - The electronic signs that display the numbers drawn for a keno draw.  Most are now LED, but older boards using light bulbs are still around.

Keno Balls - Similar to bingo balls or ping pong balls.  Numbered 1-80.

Keno Computer - Used by casinos to enter wages, determine winners, print keno tickets, prepare management reports, etc.

Keno Counter - The counter where players place their wagers and collect their winnings.

Keno Crayon - Used by a keno player to mark numbers on a ticket.  Similar to a child's crayon, but usually black.

Keno Lounge - The area where keno players can sit to mark their tickets and watch the game.  Normally rows of connected seats with a small desk top with a cup holder.  Always stocked with blanks, crayons, instructions, etc.

Keno Manager - The person responsible for the entire keno operation.

Keno Punch - The machine that punches holes in a draw sheet.

Keno Writer - The employee at the counter who takes your bet, produces the computer generated ticket, and pays the winners.

King - A single circled number.  Works with other numbers to make a bet or way.

King Ticket - A way ticket that contains one or more kings.

Left-Right Ticket - A ticket marked vertically down the center. The object is to catch only numbers on one half of the ticket (or no numbers on one half of the ticket).

Limit - Total payout liability of a casino during any one game.  Same as aggregate limit.

Live Keno - Regular keno played on tickets, NOT video keno.

Lounge - The area where keno players can sit to mark their tickets and watch the game.  Normally rows of connected seats with a small desk top with a cup holder.  Always stocked with blanks, crayons, instructions, etc.

Mark - A mark made on a keno ticket number, either my hand or by the keno computer.

Multi Game Keno Ticket - A ticket played for multiple keno games.

Net Win - The actual player winnings, after deducting the cost of the ticket.

Nevada Gaming Commission - The body governing gambling in the state of Nevada.

Odds - The mathematical probability of an outcome.  Expressed as a ratio.

Open - Any time the counter is open for taking wagers.

Outside Ticket - The official game ticket returned to the player in exchange for his hand marked ticket and the appropriate wager.

Pattern - The shape made by the collective marks on a keno ticket or lights on a keno flashboard.

Pay Any Catch Ticket - A keno ticket that pays something, no matter how many spots are caught or not caught.

Paybook - The literature that details the casino's pay tables, instructions, rates, etc.

Payoff - The amount paid to a player for his played ticket.  Not necessarily a net profit.

Pay Table - The chart that shows what each win pays.

PC - Also known as PC (percent casino). The percent of all wagers the house can expect to win, over a period of time.  Can vary widely, but normally is about 30%.

Percentage - Also known as PC (percent casino). The percent of all wagers the house can expect to win, over a period of time.  Can vary widely, but normally is about 30%.

Prize - The amount paid to a player for his winning ticket.  May not be a net profit.

Probability - The mathematical probability of an outcome.  Expressed as a percent.

Progressive -  A keno game where the top prize increases until it is won.  The prize may increase by a percent of wagers, a set amount per time period (hour, day, etc.) or any other method determined by the casino.

Punch Outs - A sheet available from the keno counter which shows the numbers drawn from the previous game.  Has holes punched in it to facilitate checking your tickets.

Push - A win equal to the amount wagered.

Quick Pick - A ticket with numbers chosen by the keno computer for the player, at the players request.

Quit Race - Cashing in a multi game ticket before all games have been played.

Race - A single keno game.  A term held over from when the game was called Horse Race Keno.  Also may be a reference to the "race" to the keno counter to cash in a winning ticket before the next game starts (which normally voids all previous tickets).

Rack - The tray that holds the keno balls when they are not in play.

Random Number Generator - A computer program used to randomly select numbers for a keno game.

Rate - The price for a ticket or way.

Rate Card - Provided by the casino.  Shows payoffs for various bets.

Regular Ticket - The standard or basic ticket sold by a casino.

Replayed Ticket - Giving a played ticket to the counter to replay the numbers.

RNG Game - When a computer program is used to randomly select numbers for a keno game.

Runner - A casino employee who goes through the casino restaurants and seating areas collecting keno wagers, and paying winners.  Almost always women.

Shift Boss - The shift supervisor.

Sleeper - A winning ticket that is not presented for payoff.

Special Rate - A rate different than the regular ticket rate.  Does not necessarily indicate a better deal for the player.

Split Ticket - Two or more groups of numbers played separately on the same ticket.

Spot - The numbers marked on a keno ticket.

Straight Ticket - The standard or basic ticket sold by a casino.

Ticket - The keno ticket.  Marked with 80 numbers, used by a player to mark her spots.  Generally made from low quality paper.

Top-Bottom Ticket - A ticket marked horizontally in the center. The object is to catch only numbers on one half of the ticket (or no numbers on one half of the ticket).

Tournament - A series of keno games organized by the casino into a contest between players.

Video Keno - Keno played on a computerized machine similar to video poker.  Uses a random number generator to pick the numbers.

Wager - The amount of money at risk on a keno ticket.

Way - A separate bet on a ticket with more than one bet.

Way Ticket - A ticket with two or more bets.

Win - Catching enough numbers to collect more than the amount wagered.

Winning Numbers - The 20 numbers drawn in the keno game.

Wire Cage - A cage used to mix keno balls. Older type game.

Writer - The employee at the counter who takes your bet, produces the computer generated ticket, and pays the winners.

 

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